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ON THE MERITS OF THE SEPTUAGINT: A Response to Floyd Nolen Jones’ “The Chronology of the Old Testament”

© 2010, by John Tors. All Rights Reserved. Prolegomena There are Christians who believe that the King James Version is a divinely inspired translation and is the only true Word of God in the English language.  They hold to this position by faith, though it is not faith in what the Word of God says, since nowhere in the Bible does God say that He will have a divinely inspired …

ROMAN CATHOLICISM

© 2010. All Rights Reserved. Introduction I marvel that you are turning away so soon from Him who called you in the grace of Christ, to a different gospel, which is not another; but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ. But even if we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel to you than what we have preached to you, …

ATHEISM

© 2010, by Ruth Lee. All Rights Reserved. Introduction According to Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, ‘Atheism’ is defined as a disbelief in the existence of deity (God or a supreme being) or the doctrine that there is no deity.  Atheism is from the Greek, ‘a’ – without – and ‘theos’ – god.  Throughout history and in the days of Jesus, there were people who believed in God and those who did not.  …

JUDAISM

© 2010, by Diane Hong. All Rights Reserved. What Is It? Judaism, the name is derived from the tribe Judah, one of the twelve ancient tribes of Israel.  The religion of Judaism and between being Jewish are two different things; it is quite common to be Jewish ethnically and culturally but not practice the Jewish faith.  There are four branches of Judaism: Orthodox, Hasidic, Reform and Conservative. Orthodox Judaism means …

A SECOND CAINAN?

© 2009, by John Tors. All Rights Reserved. The genealogy of Jesus given by Luke includes a certain “Cainan” (Luke 3:36) who is indicated to be the son of Arphaxad and father of Shelah.  In the Old Testament, Arphaxad was the father of Shelah (Salah), according to Genesis 10:24 and 11:12, and 1 Chronicles 1:18.  There is no Cainan between Arphaxad and Shelah in the Hebrew Masoretic text, though he …

A BRIEF OVERVIEW ON BIBLE TRANSLATION

© 2009, by John Tors. All Rights Reserved. Introduction Translation is the process of expressing in one language (the “target” language) what was said or written in a different language (the “original” language).  For us, it is expressing the original text of the Bible (which was written in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Koine Greek) in English.  Many such translations have been made through the years.  There are two factors to consider …

A PRIMER ON ENTROPY (THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS)

© 2009, by John Tors. All Rights Reserved. The significance of the Second Law of Thermodynamics (the Law of Entropy) for the question of the origin of life is profound, yet it is not well understood by the general public as it is a field of specialized study in engineering and physics; it is not something well taught in high schools. First, to present this law in simple terms, it …

PROBABILITY AND THE ORIGIN OF LIFE

© 2009, by John Tors. All Rights Reserved. It is the common belief that the mechanism for evolution is natural selection acting on random mutations.  This means that evolution is fundamentally dependent on chance.  This also applies at the pre-biotic stage, which is known as chemical evolution: Simple chemicals, we are told, combined to form basic organic molecules (amino acids) by chance.  These simple amino acids came together to form …

DEBUNKING SKY & TELESCOPE MAGAZINE’S ATTEMPT TO GET AROUND EVOLUTION’S THERMODYNAMIC PROBLEM

© 2009, by John Tors. All Rights Reserved. In the article “The New Habitable Zones” in Sky & Telescope 118(4). Posted on October 2009, Chris Impey writes Life exists because we live in a universe where energy flowing through a system tends to organize that system, into ever more complex and unpredictable forms.  (The Second Law of Thermodynamics is not violated; organization happens at the expense of heat, or disorganized …

THE NEED FOR ADEQUACY AS WELL AS ACCURACY

© 2009, by John Tors. All Rights Reserved. Years ago, a junior high school English teacher told us this story: “There was a certain man once.  This man was a patriot who loved his country.  When his country was in dire straits, he wrote a book detailing the way forward, and this book became a bestseller.  The man was elected to government and eventually became the head of his country.  …

THE NATURE OF SCIENCE

© 2009, by John Tors. All Rights Reserved. In order to come to a proper understanding about what science says about origins, it is essential to understand the nature of science.  Yet, in my experience, most people do not understand it.  They fail to grasp science’s methodology, its limitations, the relationship between theories and laws, and so on.  So let us clarify these matters. Science begins simply with observation, with …